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¿Qué beneficios tiene el ejercicio acuático y el ejercicio en seco en las mujeres que han padecido cáncer de mama?

Supportive Care in Cancer, 2013.
Water versus land-based multimodal exercise program effects on body composition in breast cancer survivors: a controlled clinical trial.
GOALS OF WORK: Our aim was to compare the effects of land versus water multimodal exercise programs on body composition and breast cancer-specific quality of life in breast cancer survivors.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-eight breast cancer survivors were assigned to three groups: control, land exercise, and water exercise. Both exercise groups participated in an 8-week multimodal program. Adiposity was measured by anthropometry (body mass index, waist circumference) and bioelectrical impedance (body fat and muscle lean body mass). Incidence of clinically significant secondary lymphedema was also assessed. Finally, specific quality of life was assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life BR-23.
MAIN RESULTS: Using ANCOVA, significant group × time interactions for body fat percentage (F = 3.376; P = 0.011) and lean body mass (F = 3.566; P = 0.008) were found. Breast cancer survivors in the land exercise group exhibited a greater decrease in percentage of body fat than those in the water exercise (P < 0.001) and control (P = 0.002) groups. The ANCOVA revealed a significant group × time interaction for waist circumference (F = 4.553; P = 0.002): breast cancer survivors in the control group showed a greater waist circumference when compared to water (P = 0.003) and land (P < 0.001) exercise groups. A significant group × time interaction was also found for breast symptoms (F = 9.048; P < 0.001): participants in the water exercise group experienced a greater decrease of breast symptoms than those in the land exercise (P < 0.01) and control (P < 0.05) groups.
CONCLUSION: Land exercise produced a greater decrease in body fat and an increase in lean body mass, whereas water exercise was better for improving breast symptoms.

El trabajo de estabilización central (CORE) y el masaje son clinicamente efectivos en la mejora de síntomas psicofisiológicos en mujeres con cáncer de mama.

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012.
Effectiveness of core stability exercises and recovery myofascial release massage on fatigue in breast cancer survivors: a randomized controlled clinical trial.
The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week multimodal program focused on core stability exercises and recovery massage with DVD support for a 6-month period in physical and psychological outcomes in breast cancer survivors. A randomized controlled clinical trial was performed. Seventy-eight (n = 78) breast cancer survivors were assigned to experimental (core stability exercises plus massage-myofascial release) and control (usual health care) groups. The intervention period was 8 weeks. Mood state, fatigue, trunk curl endurance, and leg strength were determined at baseline, after the last treatment session, and at 6 months of followup. Immediately after treatment and at 6 months, fatigue, mood state, trunk curl endurance, and leg strength exhibited greater improvement within the experimental group compared to placebo group. This paper showed that a multimodal program focused on core stability exercises and massage reduced fatigue, tension, depression, and improved vigor and muscle strength after intervention and 6 months after discharge.

Un programa de ejercicios acuáticos es eficaz para mejorar la fatiga y la fuerza en mujeres con cáncer de mama.

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2013.
The effectiveness of a deep water aquatic exercise program in cancer-related fatigue in breast cancer survivors: a randomized controlled trial.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of an 8-week aquatic program on cancer-related fatigue, as well as physical and psychological outcomes in breast cancer survivors.
DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial.
SETTING: Outpatient clinic, urban, academic medical center, and a sport university swimming pool.
PARTICIPANTS: Breast cancer survivors (N=68) were randomly assigned to either an experimental (aquatic exercise group in deep water pool) group or a control (usual care) group.
INTERVENTIONS: The intervention group attended aquatic exercise sessions 3 times per week for 8 weeks in a heated deep swimming pool. Sessions lasted 60 minutes in duration: 10 minutes of warm-up, 40 minutes of aerobic and endurance exercises, and 10 minutes of cool-down exercises. Patients allocated to the usual care group followed the oncologist\'s recommendations in relation to a healthy lifestyle.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Values for fatigue (Piper Fatigue Scale), mood state (Profile of Mood States), and abdominal (trunk curl static endurance test) and leg (multiple sit-to-stand test) strength were collected at baseline, after the last treatment session, and at a 6-month follow-up.
RESULTS: Immediately after discharge, the aquatic exercise group showed a large effect size in total fatigue score (d=.87; 95% confidence interval, .48-1.26), trunk curl endurance (d=.92; 95% confidence interval, 1.97-3.83), and leg strength (d=1.10; .55-2.76), but negligible effects in vigor, confusion, and disturbance of mood (d<.25). At the 6-month follow-up period, the aquatic exercise group maintained large to small effect sizes in fatigue scores, multiple sit-to-stand test, and trunk curl static endurance (.25>d>.90) and negligible effects for the fatigue-severity dimension and different scales of the Profile of Mood States (d<.25).
CONCLUSION: An aquatic exercise program conducted in deep water was effective for improving cancer-related fatigue and strength in breast cancer survivors.
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Conferencia sobre Cáncer y Fisioterapia - I Congreso Internacional de Fisioterapia de Sevilla 2011
Conferencia sobre Cáncer y Fisioterapia - I Congreso Internacional de Fisioterapia de Sevilla 2011
HISTORIAS DE LUZ - Nuestro Programa de Fisioterapia minimiza los efectos secundarios del cáncer de mama